An airstrike is also known as an air raid. An airstrike or air raid is an offensive operation carried out by aircraft. Airstrikes are delivered from aircraft such as Blimps, Armed forces, Bombers, Ground attack aircraft, Attack helicopter, and Drone. The official definition includes all sorts of targets, including enemy air targets. But in popular usage, the term is usually pointed to a planned (small-scale) attack on a ground or seafaring objective as opposed to a larger, more general attack such as mat bombing. Weapons used in an airstrike can range from aircraft cannon and machine-gun bullets or shells, air-launched rockets, missiles, glide missiles, and ballistic missiles to various types of bombs glide bombs and even directed energy weapons such as lasers.
In close air support, airstrikes are usually controlled by trained observers on the ground for coordination with ground troops and intelligence in a manner derived from weaponry campaign.
Worlds First Air Strike
The first-ever airstrike is done on On November 1, 1911. An Italian aviator Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti dropped four bombs on two Turkish-held bases in Libya, and knowns the Italo-Turkish War (As Worlds first-ever airstrike). After this, the use of airstrike was extended in World war.
- At the Battle of Neuve Chapelle in 1915, the British dropped bombs on German rail communications.
- The first large scale airstrike is done in 1915. When London was bombed by 15 German Zepplin dirigibles at night. Since everyone was in sleep, a loud warning system made sense.
- Today, airstrike terms have extended to the concept of the strike aircraft, what earlier generations of military aviators referred to as light bombers or attack aircraft. With the near-complete air incomparability enjoyed by developed nations in undeveloped regions, fighter jets can often be modified to add strike capability in a manner less practicable in earlier generations, e.g. “Strike Eagle”.
Balakot Airstrike [Surgical Strike 2.0]
- Twelve days after the Pulwama terror attack, the Indian Air Force (IAF) carried out most important strikes at terror camps of Jaish-e-Mohammed in Balakot town of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa region of Pakistan. Pakistani security forces and JeM terrorists were trapped uninformed when 12 Mirage fighter jets stormed in their territory around 3.40am on Tuesday and dropped around 1,000kg bombs, which killed up to 350 terrorists.
- The Balakot airstrike was conducted by India in the early morning hours of 26 February 2019 when Indian warplanes crossed the de facto border which is Originally known as the “Cease-fire Line” in the uncertain region of Kashmir and dropped bombs in the surrounding area of the town of Balakot in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region in Pakistan.
- Pakistan’s military, the first to declare the airstrike on February 26 morning, described the Indian planes as dropping their payload in an uninhabited forested top of hill area near Balakot.
- On February 27, in a tit-for-tat airstrike, Pakistan retaliated, causing an Indian warplane to be shot down and it’s pilot to be taken criminal by the Pakistan military before being returned on March 1.
- On 10 April 2019, some international journalists, who were taken to the Jaba hilltop in a tightly controlled trip arranged by the Pakistani government, found the largest building of the site to show no proof of damage or recent revolution.
- The airstrikes were the first time since the India-Pakistan war of 1971 that warplanes of either country crossed the Line of Control and also since both states have become nuclear powers.
- On 26 February 2019, Pakistan announced the interruption of Indian aircraft into its airspace, but asserted that the Indian navy was intercepted, causing them to run away, to leave go of their bombs which hit an open area, and to deposit their fuel. In a press conference, Pakistan’s Director-General Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), Major General Asif Ghafoor, declared that three IAF teams were marked impending the Pakistan border from a mixture of sectors in the early hours of 26 February.
- Later on 26 February 2019, India confirmed the airstrike, stating that the Indian Air Force conducted them in revenge to the Pulwama attack. The strikes were subsequently claimed to be “non-military” and “preemptive” in nature; targeting a Jaish-e-Mohammed facility inside Pakistan.
- He added that the two of these teams did not cross the border following a challenge from Pakistani aircraft on the wing warfare air patrol. But the third one crossed the Line of Control from the Kiran Valley near Muzaffarabad before being intercepted by Pakistani Air Force (PAF) jets within three minutes of the storming. Pervez Khattak, Pakistani Defence Minister, confirmed that the Pakistani Air Force did not strike back at that time because “they could not determine the area of the damage”.